Madagascar Real Estate
Information about Madagascar
Madagascar, or Republic of Madagascar (older name Malagasy Republic, French: République malgache), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of Africa. The main island, also called Madagascar, is the fourth-largest island in the world, and is home to 5% of the world's plant and animal species, of which more than 80% are endemic to Madagascar. They include the lemur infraorder of primates, the carnivorous fossa, three bird fam...ilies and six baobab species.
Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is a mainstay of the economy. Major exports are coffee, vanilla (Madagascar is the world's largest producer and exporter of vanilla), sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), beans, bananas, peanuts and livestock products. Vanilla has historically been of particular importance, and when in 1985 Coca-cola switched to New Coke which involved less vanilla, Madagascar's economy took a marked downturn, but returned to previous levels after the return of Coke Classic.
Antananarivo is the capital and largest city in Madagascar. It is also known by its French colonial name Tananarive or the shorthand form Tana. The larger urban area surrounding the city, known as Antananarivo-Renivohitra ("Antananarivo-Capital"), is the capital of the Analamanga region and of the Antananarivo autonomous province. The city is guarded by two forts built on hills to the east. Including an Anglican and a Roman Catholic cathedral, there are more than 50 churches in the city and its suburbs, as well as a mosque. Antananarivo hosts a campus of the University of Madagascar and the Collège Rural d'Ambatobe. Ivato Airport serves the city with several regional routes and flights to and from Paris, Johannesburg and Nairobi among other cities.
Toamasina (Masc. "like salt"), often known as Tamatave, is a city (commune urbaine) in Madagascar. Toamasina is the capital of the Atsinanana region and of the Toamasina Province. President by special delegation of the city: Gervais Rakotomanana (since 30 May 2007). The former mayor, Roland Ratsiraka, was suspended after a decision in the municipal council earlier in 2007. It is the chief seaport of Madagascar, situated nearly on the centre of the eastern coast at 18 10 S, 49 32 E. It has population of 179,045 (2001 census).
Antsirabe is the third largest city in Madagascar and has a population of approximately 183,000. It's the capital of the Vakinankaratra region. The altitude is about 1 500 m, so the climate is rather cool. Antsirabe is the home of Tiko (milk and other food products), Star Brasseries (beverages), Cotona (textiles) and Kobama (grain). The city is at the end of the TA (Tananarive-Antsirabe) railway, currently only with freight trains. The line has been extended southwards through Vinaninkarena, but the extension is not used. National road 7 connects the city to Antananarivo (North), Fianarantsoa and Toliara (South). There are warm springs and a thermal bath, which was especially famous in the 19th century. The city was founded by a Norwegian missionary to serve as a retreat center because of the climate. The name of the city translates into "the place of much salt".
Fianarantsoa is a city (commune urbaine) in south central Madagascar. Fianarantsoa is the capital of the Haute Matsiatra region and of the Fianarantsoa Province. It was built in the early 19th century by the Merina as the administrative capital for the newly conquered Betsileo kingdoms. It is at an average altitude of 1200 meters, and has a population of 144,225 (2001 census). Fianarantsoa means "Good education" in Malagasy. It is a cultural and intellectual center for the whole island. It is home to some of the oldest Protestant and Lutheran cathedrals on the island, the oldest theological seminary (also Lutheran), as well as the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Fianarantsoa. The city of "good education" also boasts a university named after it and built in 1972. Fianarantsoa is considered to be the capital of wine in Madagascar, because of the presence of many wine industries in the city.
The City of Mahajanga (Mahajanga I) is the capital of the Boeny region and of the Mahajanga Province. Population: 135,660. Mahajanga is a seaport, the most important one in Madagascar after Toamasina. The marine terminal accommodates containerships and small (150 gross ton) general cargo freighters. Because of limited water depth at the wharf, only small ships can call at the terminal. Deeper-draft ships anchor off the terminal and transfer cargoes to and from barges, which move it to and from the terminal. Severe storms during December 2006 damaged the bulkhead, allowing water to flow in and wash backfill out from under the terminal's paving blocks. The resulting collapse of pavement blocks has made operations at the terminal less efficient and reduced the storage space available. The largest and most valuable containerized export is frozen shrimp. There is an international airport with regional flights to the Comoros and Mayotte. The city is located on the Betsiboka River, which then leads to Bombetoka Bay.
Malagasy ariary (MGA)
Malagasy, French, English
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